Consider you own a house, and you have paying guests. These paying guests stay at your home, use your facilities and pay for them. Web hosting is something like this. It provides all the facilities required for clients to make and manage a website. You can host several different websites from just one server with a web hosting service. Now, if you wish to set up a website of your own without paying for any web hosting services, the easiest method is to make a server of your own at home. This article will teach you how to create your own server at home for web hosting.
Things To Consider Before Creating Your Server
Before you learn how to create your own server at home for web hosting, there are specific requirements that you shall need to make this process possible.
- The first thing is to have a computer system with a stable internet connection and high speed.
- Another thing that you should keep in mind here is that you will have to run your PC throughout the day, 24×7, so that your website is available throughout the day.
Your system should have the minimum requirements listed below to function correctly.
- The storage should be at least 60 GB HDD or SSD.
- The RAM has to be 2 GB.
- It would be best if you had any Dual Core equivalent CPU, and it should have at least 2.00 GHz clock speed.
- You can choose either Windows or Linux as your OS
- Again, ensure you have a stable and high-speed internet connection.
You can work with a low-end system. However, the more powerful your plan is, the better your hosting will work.
STEP 1: KNOWING IF YOUR CONNECTION IS SUITABLE FOR WEB HOSTING
We have repeatedly mentioned the need for a stable internet connection with a high speed. Now, let us tell you why. Fast web hosting makes all the difference. In knowing how to create your own server at home for web hosting, you should know that you will require an internet connection suitable for high traffic. You must have an excellent download and upload speed. While home servers offer a high download speed, it is pretty low in uploading speed. A simple way to boost it would be to consider a WiFi antenna.
Your internet connection speed decides how quickly the website data is uploaded for every user who visits your website. Therefore, make sure to have a high-speed internet connection.
You should also be checking your internet speed from time to time. Also, get in contact with your internet service provider (ISP) and confirm whether you have any limits on the data for your connection or not. If you encounter any obstacles like your internet service provider (ISP) keeping a data limit for your connection, you need to consider changing your internet service provider (ISP).
Using a good dual-band router is also an important step to ensure smooth and effortless working.
STEP 2: CHOOSING THE OPERATING SYSTEM
While you question how to create your own server at home for web hosting, another question pops up here. That question is, which operating system to choose – Windows or Linux? Which is better? According to an article by Wired, nearly 70% of the servers use Linux as their operating system to host websites, and it is because Linux is free, open-source, and secure. Comparatively, you shall be paying for a license if you choose Windows as your operating system.
STEP 3: SETTING UP AND CONFIGURING YOUR SERVER
Now you have your operating system ready, your internet connection stable, and your speed high. The next step in figuring out how to create your own server at home for web hosting is to set up and configure your server.
Web stack is a collection of various software applications required to create your server at home for web hosting. The most basic software that you shall require are an operating system and database software. Apart from this, you will need a script interpreter. Lastly, another requirement is a web server to help you develop your website. Now that you know the fundamental softwares are, you can download and install them. You can download them one by one or through a web stack, a set of softwares mainly collected for web development. The best one out there is Apache.
After downloading and installing the web stack, we have the next step in learning how to create your own server at home for web hosting. In this step, you might require opening up the ports on the router at your home, and this is followed by opening up the firewall to permit the web traffic to go by from your server. There are certain crucial ones that you need to make sure are not blocked, and these are port 80 and port 443.
Now that you are done setting up and configuring your server check it. You can visit your server through a web browser to do so. Most of the servers display a test page. Once you go through it, you can later replace this page with your website files.
STEP 4: SETTING UP THE DOMAIN NAME AND CHECKING IF IT WORKS
Now you have completed setting up and configuring your server, and it is ready for access from users all over the internet. The final step in learning how to create your own server at home for web hosting is to set up the domain name, and it will help internet users to access your website easily.
Up until now, your users could only track your website through the external IP address. A domain name is a more accessible name to remember, and having a domain name will make it easy for your users to remember your website.
You can register for a free subdomain. However, if you want a proper domain name, you will have to purchase a domain name through a domain registrar.
Now that you have your domain (or subdomain) name ready, you will set up the DNS entries—these entries of your domain help in pointing to the IP address of your server. Your domain registrar will help you with all this. Within a few hours, your server will be ready to use.
Now that you fully know how to create your own server at home for web hosting, you’re all set to take control and host websites. The best part of having your server at home for web hosting is that it is cost-effective and the data remains in your hands, and thus, it is safe and secure. We hope this article has helped you learn how to create your own server at home for web hosting.